Ancient history news


It seems Discovery News is catching up with the rest of the world as they have an article, 'God's Wife edited out of the Bible - almost' at This is really an old story dressed up as something new by a young TV presenter but it seems the Old Testament editors have omitted any mention of Asherah, as such - but residual traces remain.

Dakhla and Beyond

More on the tale of Egyptian MK expeditions into the western desert (see ... The Dakhla Oasis lies 300km west of the Nile Valley and is usually thought to be Egypt's furthest outpost in the western desert.


Gary Gilligan's web site has an update on the Egyptian god Horus - and he disassociates it from the Sun. Horus is generally depicted in the shape of a hawk, a sky god that presumably swooped downwards, and was attached to the idea of divine kingship - protector of the reigning pharaoh. He was apparently an  omnipresent sky god - but was sun-like rather than being the Sun. Even as the winged disk Horus was not the Sun, or Horus in the dual form of Re-Horakhty (Horus of the Horizon).

Cities out of Marshes, Bamiyan Buddha

At is a new theory on the Sumerian cities - presumably on the basis they did not originally require an irrigation system but that was a development that came about after environmental downturns. It seems that early cities did not spring up along the banks of rivers but spread across the delta zone within and along the margins of the marshlands. So says a press release from the University of South Carolina.

The Book of the Dead

BBC News November 1st (see ) has a video of the Egyptian Book of the Dead - a sequence of pages of papyri that appear to open one after the other. In reality the papyri are very fragile and one of them is 37 metres in length - so this is a succession of images. Still, very useful and well worth looking at.

The names of the Pharaohs - titles and epithets

SIS member Gary Gilligan sent this link in - which might not be everyone's cup of tea but is worth taking a look at. I don't know if the translations, as given, are wholly credible - but take a peek and see what you think. It begins by analysing the name of Naram Sin, the Akkadian king. The last element is that of the god Sin that gave its name to Sinai, as an example. It is usually regarded as the Moon - but this is arguable.

The Medes

Median dynasty architectural remains have been found in Azerbaijan (see August 11th) ... a joint US/ Azerbaijani team of archaeologists have found remains  dating to the dynasty of the Medes, the first Iranian people to rule over what is now Iran and various other regions which included a large part of northern Mesopotamia including parts of modern Azerbaijan. What is now known as Oglangala was an ancient kingdom that was desperately trying to thwart the expansion of Urartu.

'Censorinus, the Sothic Cycle, and Calendar Year One in Ancient Egypt: the epistemological problem'

This was sent in by member Eric Aitchison after he had received the link from Bergen, one of the Chronology members. Bergen posted it in response to a post by Ian Onvlee who maintained that Sothic dates are based on the risings of the star Sirius - without any doubt. He did experiment with a location of Sothis in Orion's Girdle, for an undisclosed reason, but found this could not be sustained.

The Kings of the Ancient Britons

The Kings of the Ancient Britons by Bill Cooper, can be found at which is a rather peculiar document that shows a line of kings in Britain going back to the 11th century BC. Interesting for schoolboys, no doubt, and anyone mucking around with ideas - but not real history? The idea I suppose is to connect a line of kings to the Biblical chronology - and going further back, all the way to Noah.

Anatolia and Historical Concepts (another paper on Mitanni, the Hittites, and the Hurrians)

A document by Robert Hewson (which seems to have been written roughly 40 years ago but is still available online and quite close in nature to what Barry Curnock theorised concerning Mitanni, the Hurrians (and the redating of Nuzi) (see post a few days ago). For the identity of Robert Hewson see the 'Catastrophism CD' (available from the Book Page) as he was once well known in revisionist circles.