Ancient history news

Measuring the Earth

The Times (June 21st, 2013) also had a piece on the Greek scholar Eratosthenes, going back to the BC period. In the Egyptian city of Syene (near the modern Aswan Dam) he noted that in a deep well, at summer solstice (June 21st) a shaft of sunlight shone straight down into the well without casting a shadow - implying the Sun was directly overhead. At Alexandria, in contrast, he found objects cast a short shadow in the midday Sun on the summer solstice. The Sun was therefore not directly overhead. He surmised the difference was due to the curvature of the Earth.

Malta, temple of Juno

In Current World Archaeology issue 59, volume 5:11, May 2013 (see also www.world-archaeology.com and www.facebook.com/currentworldarchaeology) there is an article on Tas Silg, a temple recorded by the Romans, and dedicated to Juno. It was formerly a prehistoric temple, in the 3rd millennium BC (and earlier) that like the other Maltese temples of the period came to an abrupt end around 2500BC and was abandoned for a long period (or 2300BC in the Moe Mandelkehr model).

New Chronology Conundrum

Bob Porter, SIS member and New Chronology advocate, writing archaeological updates for our journal (usually in Review) has made a reply at NewChronology [at] yahoogroups [dot] com which has some interesting repercussions. He refers to two papers on Emar, a town on the Euphrates to the south of Carchemish (in the Bronze Ages), concerning the interpretation of the archives (clay tablets).

Maps of the Ancient Sea Kings

There are lots of sites and articles on the web devoted to Charles Hapgood's Maps of the Ancient Sea Kings. We now have another site to explore the issue and it is worth having a look at - go to www.diegocuoghi.it/Piri_Reis/PiriReis_eng.htm

The Wetting and the Drying out of the Sahara

Prior to 3000BC the Sahara was a verdant landscape, a rich grassland with a typical African fauna - see http://phys.org/print284364895.html ... and went back through the early Holocene to the end of the Younger Dryas event.

Dynasty 17

The Djehuty Project (Spanish) has said it has discovered, near Luxor, four burials from dynasty 17 - see http://phys.org/print284379880.html

See also www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-04/snrc-dpd040513.php

Akhenaton (Egypt) and Muwatalis (Hittite), not too distant from each other, appear to have inaugurated religious reforms - why? See www.britishmuseum.org/pdf/6d%20The%20failed%20reforms.pdf

Babylon

A note for all revisionists, from Emmet to Eric and anyone else researching chronology, and the role of Babylon - just 2 per cent of the city has been excavated. Is that enough for deep revisionists to claim there is no evidence of a Persian presence? Two per cent is a very small section of the city and that is probably the palace of Nebuchadnezzar and not a lot else - go to www.cnn.com/2013/04/04/world/meast/iraq-babylon-tourism/index.html

Cruelty and Barbarians

The Smithsonian has a fascinating article about Viking ritual killing - did it happen, as some historians obviously wallow in the gore, or did it not, an increasing tendency of academia is to deny Viking atrocities - see http://blogs.smithsonianmag.com/history/2013/03/the-vengeance-of-ivarr-t... ... basically, Ivarr is supposed to have took awful revenge on Aella, king of Northumberland, as a result of him being responsible for the killing of his father. I will spare the gory details but what was regarded as fact is very often, nowadays, subject to revision.

Subterranean Humanity

At www.cracked.com/article_20206_5-shockingly-advanced-ancient-buildings-th... .... some intersting images of underground settlements in different parts of the world. Derinkuyu in Turkey, for example, discovered in the 1960s when a house collapsed above into one of the passageways. It is basically an 18 storey underground town and was built, it is thought, in the 8th century BC, or thereabouts. Was it in response to the end of Bronze Age destructions?

Indus ... Part 2

At www.gsbkerala.com/saraswati.htm ... the lost river Saraswati is the the main theme and begins by saying climate change and geotectonic movements (earth movements) led to migration and abandonment of settlements. Some of the drainage systems have been lost as a result of being buried beneath silt (changing river courses) and this appears to be the position with the Saraswati. There is also evidence of flooding at the end of the Ice Age, it seems, which in the artticle is attributable to melting Himalayan glaciers - but could equally be due to other reasons.