The under-sea volcano that has erupted deep on the sea-bed off the Canary island of El Hierro is now just 60m below the surface - and still growing. It will either create a new island in the Atlantic or will become an extension of the southern shore of El Hierro. There is also seismic activity to the north of El Hierro and over the last 4 months there has been some 11,000 tremors across El Hierro itself (see www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-15917740)
At www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=japan-earthquake-moves-seafloor we learn that the Fukushima earthquake moved the sea floor as much as 50m laterally and 16m vertically. In addition, the crust as a whole did not move forwards by 50m but varied between the coastline and the nearby trench (thought to be a subduction zone) which means that closer to the coast it was just a movement of a few feet, and out at sea rising to 20 and 30m and even further out to 50m movement.
Geoscientist Gerta Keller is extraordinarily consistent and has been a long time critic of the asteroid strike that killed the dinosaurs - based on geological dating of the strata (see www.physorg.com/print240753344.html). Now, somewhat of a compromise seems to have been reached - there was more than one asteroid strike, not at the same time, but separated by 100s of thousands of years. It is geochronology that has caused this compromise as sedimentary layers are assumed to have been laid down over long periods of time.
The consensus view is that loess, the fine grains of silt that have accumulated in different parts of the world but especially in great big dunes in China, is thought to be wind blown dust from the direction of the Arctic. In the case of China the loess was thought to have blown in from the north west, in the direction of Siberia and presumably the tundra. It seems this interpretation may be up for grabs. Not the theory of course but the origin of the loess.
News that the volcano growing on the seabed near the Canaries is about to break the surface of the sea is at www.volcanodiscovery.com/volcano_news.html (see also http://chiefio.wordpress.com/2011/11/13/canary-islands-red-alert/). The initial eruption occurred at a depth of 2300 feet and the other at a depth of 655 feet (see also www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2059576/El-Hierro-Volcano-erupti...).
We all know about insects in amber, preserved as fossils and highly prized by our ancestors. The trade in Baltic amber during the past is well catalogued in archaeological studies. The entombed insects of Baltic amber go back to the Eocene. Amber comes from the resin of trees - but the species of tree has not been identified. What you might not know is that fossilised tree resin has been found all over the world and from different epochs in time - see the Deposits Magazine (Southwold in Suffolk) www.depositsmag.com/ issue 26 (2011).
Two very interesting stories, one is geological and the other, physics. At www.physorg.com/print237552924.html - it seems that rocks and boulders rubbing against each other can produce smoothing - something normally attributed only to water action. Bumping and grinding in response to the earth shaking in its bowels creates a smooth surface over time - just as rocks and boulders being jostled by water, in rivers, on coasts (by the tides) and during flash floods etc. In this instance the process was visibly taking place - in a dry desert at high altitude.
Greenland was once a tropical country - near the equator - or was it? Scientists from the Smithsonian have the evidence from rocks they have collected (see www.ku-prism.org/polarscientist/losttribes/Jan131897Boston.html ). During the Cretaceous era Greenland was covered in a tropical rainforest and the same situation has been noted in NE America and Spitzbergen.
At www.news.ualberta.ca/article.aspx?id=7F2465DE563B40C9882377C4C08E0F52 ... University of Alberta scientists have found feathers preserved in amber, from the Late Cretaceous era (towards the end of the dinosaur age). No mention of sudden apocalyps. It is thought the feathers, blown in the wind perhaps, landed in tree resin which preserved them - but how long did it take for the resin to harden? Fossilised feathers have also been found preserved in sedimentary rocks.
In response to Gary Gilligan's ideas about flint (see his web site, www.gks.uk.com) and the significance of the study at http://swansea.academia.edu/CarolynGravesBrown/Papers/847861/The_Biologi... ... a rather interesting paper on the role of flint as an attribute of the Gods, I thought I might look up the orthodox view of how it was made. This perforce has to be from a UK perspective - not from Egypt.