Geology news

Melting ice sheets - the Antarctic

This is not climate related, as such, but a geological conumdrum - see ... this happened in the Pliocene, which in geochronology directly precedes the Pleistocene and as a result of uniformitarianism is duly dated millions of years ago. The evidence of ice melt in Antarctica comes from sea floor sediments 300+km from the continent. The sediment core was rich in algae, a sign the ocean was warm.

Sea Level - problems associated with calculations

At ... Tim Cullen takes a look at sea levels in the context of the Inflating Earth hypothesis. What he says is interesting to all geologists and anyone else that might have faith in the science involved. Local mean sea level is defined on the height of the sea with respect to a land benchmark, averaged over a period of time, long enough that fluctuation caused by waves and tides are smoothed out.

Silica and Sand formation - an alternative view

In a follow up post on July 3rd Tim Cullen expands further on the geological jigsaw puzzle associated with chalk formation - and includes on this occasion the flints found within the chalk - go to

The Chalky Cretaceous

It's a fact that chalk formed extensive beds in the Cretaceous but nowhere in the world is there evidence of chalk being formed today. Limestone, which is closely related to chalk, being formed also of the shells of marine life, was generally laid down earlier than the chalk. For example, the limestone rocks of the Peak District and the Yorkshire Dales is derived from former coral reef systems when Britain was situated in warmer climes.

The story of the Chalk ... gets more intriguing as time goes by

At ... chalk deposits are formed from the white shells that envelop single celled photosynthetic alga known as Ehux, a coccolithopare with an exo skeleton made of calcium carbonate. Ehux, and related life forms, are the bedrock of most ocean food chains. Phytoplankton biomass exceeds that of all marine animals combined.

New subduction zone is forming off the coast of Portugal

Well, that is the headline at .... but it emerges that what has been found is an active tectonic zone to the west of Portugal - or rather, a reaffirmation that a fault line exists out in the sea which was responsible for the 1755AD Lisbon earthquake and tsunami.

The Inflating Earth and Gravity

The last of the three posts goes where it naturally weaves a path - .... and leads from the equatorial bulge to the question of gravity. For this he goes to which I mentioned a couple of days ago, the web site of Stephen Hurrell (dinosaurs and the expanding earth) - so you can have two bites of the same cherry.

The Equatorial Bulge

In the next of his posts on the Inflating Earth model, Tim Cullen turns to the equatorial bulge - how does this feature fit into the Expanding Earth hypothesis - see

Antarctica in an Inflated Globe

I seem to have got stuck on this theme of the Expanding Earth theory but here are another three pieces to look at by those still awake, or vaguely interested in the subject. At ... Tim provides a nice review of the frozen continent beneath the ice, courtesy of

More on Expanding Earth Theories - now we are here

The David Pratt article at ended in a bit of a drizzly fizzle as part of the Expanding Earth hypothesis includes polar wander - and he thought it was possible for scientists to track former pole positions. He claimed these began in Africa but gradually tracked southwards as the earth expanded. In other words, the Expanding Earth model is  uniformitarian in concept, and simply a variation, of sorts, of the Plate Tectonics model of consensus academic geology.