Late Bronze Age Jaffa

3 Mar 2013

At http://popular-archaeology.com/issue/march-2013/article/the-egyptian-for... ... it seems the archaeology does not fit the monuments and the history. This is a fairly long read and concerns the ancient port of Jaffa which had an Egyptian fortress during the New Kingdom period. The problem is that it was attacked and burnt down on a number of occasions. After the expulsion of the Hyksos from the delta region the pharaohs of dynasty 18 conducted regular military campaigns against communities in Canaan. We don't know what connection they had with the Hyksos but it is assumed they fled back to where they had originated - somewhere in the Levant. The author, it seems, is making an assumption of a direct link between Canaanites and the Hyksos, which may or may not be true. It was Thutmose III that listed Jaffa as one of the settlements he subjugated, and thereafter it was firmly in the empire of the Egyptian in Palestine and southern Syria. This blanket view appears to be contradicted on the ground as there is evidence of repeated violent conflagrations which is being interpreted as local resistance against the Egyptian presence. One of these occurs, provisionally, concurrent with the Amarna Age, it is estimated, with evidence of a fire and burning. Lots of conjecture and thinking out loud. Very open article which can be explored by revisionists.