Exodus Routes

A fascinating discussion on the route of Exodus at the Eric Aitchison email thread. Anyone wanting to join in send an email to the contact address on this web site.

Hyenas in Yukon

At www.vice.com/en_uk/article/j5wnx7/ancient-bone-crushing-hyena-roamed-the... ... hyenas, during the Ice Age, lived between Mexico and the Yukon, in the far north. Ice Age hyenas are said to have lived in the Arcitc - the assumption being that the geoid of the Earth has remained unchanged. Hyena fossils are sometimes found in the UK (in cave deposits for example) but the Yukon example involved three teeth found back in the 19760s.

Star Dust

At https://tallbloke.wordpress.com/2019/11/15/stardust-in-the-antarctic-sno... ... in a story related to https://astronomynow.com/2016/04/07/supernovae-showered-earth-with-radio... ... scientists find radioactive iron-60 in sediment and crust sample taken from the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian oceans, a story that goes back several years and seems to have initiated the later interpretation.

Dinosaur Finds

At https://phys.org/news/2019-11-oldest-carnivorous-dinosaur-fossil-unearth... ... the oldest carnivorous dinosaur found to date has been unearthed in Brazil. It has been dated 233 million years ago -during the Triassic. At this time South America was still part of Pangeae (joined at the hip with Africa). The fossil was intact (see image below). Fossil evidence of Triassic dinosaurs are apparently scarce but see also https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.7903

Transit of Mercury

William sent in the link https://mercurytransit.gsfc.nasa.gov/display.php?year=2019&phase=All&dat... ...which may or may not work for you. If not go to https://spaceweather.com and key down to 12th November 2019 which has a video which is crystal clear (probably the same one)_. The best view of the transit comes from NASAs Solar Dynamics Observatory (22,000 miles above the surface of the earth).

None the less, backyard astronomers were also able to make an image - see for example ....

Giant Structures

In one of those, I wonder what they can be moments, we have another interesting link provided by Gary - https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/zmj76pw/theres-growing-evidence-that-... ... scientists are discovering that galaxies can move with each other across vast distances - against the predictions of mainstream cosmological models. Some galaxies seem to move in odd and often unexplained ways as if they were connected by a common unseen force. These discoveries hint at an enigmatic influence - what are being called large scale structures in space.

Oxygen on Mars

This link was sent in by Gary - www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-7680651/ ... NASA scientists are said to be baffled after a portable chemistry lab on the Curiosity Rover (sampling the air) detected fluctuations in oxygen levels on Mars. The oxygen levels vary from one season to the next (over a 3 year period) and scientists now think that it is not the atmosphere of Mars that is fluctuating, as such, but somewhere in the vicinity there is an oxygen sink (or oxygen is leaking on to the surface). If so it is currently an unknown source of oxygen.

Expanding the Universe

Scientists are expanding the universe it would seem - via state of the art technology and technique. See https://phys.org/news/2019-11-scientists-refine-quickly-universe.html ... what we have is another measurement of the Hubble Constant - recently made uncertain by several studies that have come up with different rates of expansion. The concept of an expanding universe was put forward by Edwin Hubble in the early 20th century. He found that galaxies were moving away from each other - so the story goes.

Mammoth Trap

William sent in the link to www.yahoo.com/news/researchers-didnt-think-humans-attacked-175224059.html ... which concentrates on the fact that scientists, until now, didn't think humans targeted mammoths as a food animal - although among European archaeologists this seems to be a given. At https://phys.org/news/2019-11-huge-trove-mammoth-skeletons-mexico.html ... the focus is on the trap - or what is thought to be a human prepared trap. It contains 800 bones and is situated at Tultepec, just outside Mexico City.