Bruce Leybourne

An interesting video at ... Bruce Leybourne at a conference. He claims global temperatures over the last century reflect 30 year weakening trends and 30 year strengthening trends as a result of the solar magnetic field. Although the solar connection is well known, usually described as a 60 year cycle, Leybourne has gone further by associating it with electro-magnetism.

plague and iron working

An interesting deduction is made about iron production in central Norway at ... iron was exported from central Norway south into Europe and further north (in Norway) between 300BC and 600AD. Production came to a temporary halt in the 6th century AD and the researchers have made a connection with the Plague of Justinian, when the population of Europe went into a rapid decline. The trade picked up again in the 7th century AD onwards, and thrived during the Viking era.

Mount St Helens 2

At ... or ... the crater of Mount St Helens, in spite of still recovering from its recent volcanic activity, now holds a growing glacier. It is situated in the hollowed out caldera where lava flowed just a few years ago. It has been dubbed the Crater Glacier according ot the operations director of Mount St Helens Institute see also

Roman concrete

Most of us have had the opportunity to look at, even touch, Roman mortar. At ... Roman concrete closely resembles rock found in the depths of a dormant volcano in Italy and researchers say they tried to reproduce the rock artificially as it was so strong and durable.

double beating of the solar heart

At ... we learn of a new 'model' of the Sun which claims to mirror the solar cycle (which is little understood) and not only that they say they can predict irregularities within the 11 year heartbeat. The model assumes a twin dynamo affect in two layers of the Sun, one near the surface and the other somewhere in the innards.


This is an image of the far side of Pluto courtesy of

  which came from the New Horizons spacecraft - taken from 2.5 million miles away. Scientists are said to be intrigued by the dark spots and the even spacing. The spacecraft is due to reach its closest point on July 14th (so expect further news tomorrow or the next day).

Age of Reptiles

At ... there is quite a nice discussion of the cataloguing of animal remains to specific periods of time with an emphasis on dinosaurs. The Mesozoic began 250 million years ago and lasted up till the K/T boundary event around 63 million years ago. It is defined as the Age of Reptiles which came out of the idea that reptiles were the dominant species throughout the Triassic, Jurassic and Cretaceous periods of time. The idea goes all the way back to the 19th century where these things were first being discovered by scientists of the modern era.

Utah dinosaur pit

at ... dinosaur boneyards are an interesting aspect of the geological record. One such can be found in a Utah quarry that is roughly an hour's drive from the small town of Price.

Tall al-Hammam

Publication of the 'The Tall al-Hammam Excavations' (volume one)  is now complete. The report is by Collins, Kobs and Luddeni, Eisenbraums of Winona Lake, and concerns the excavations undertaken between 2005 and 2011 (ISBN ... 9781575063690), 362 pages in length with lots of colour pictures.