Clouds and Climate Models

A new paper by John McLean of the James Cook University (Australia), a professor of physics, has appeared in the open access journal Atmospheric and Climate Sciences - see www.bishop-hill.net/blog/2014/10/30/mclean-on-clouds.html

Geography and Climate Change

at www.geocurrents.info/physical-geography/eco-authoritarian-catastrophism-... ... which is a review of a book written by some bigwigs in the Climate Change community and a geography teacher is left stunned by what he read. The book has the title, 'The Collapse of Western Civilisation' and is a quite an astonishing work to be sponsored by academia - but we live in strange times. I don't need to say anything - the reviewer says it all.

Palaeogene volcanism

Cave Hill dominates a portion of the landscape in the northern part of Belfast - see Down to Earth magazine issue 89, 2014 (ISSN 0969-3408) which is just four issues for a pound (great value). Cave Hill is a chalk and flint hill but it is capped by a layer of basalt. This is an igneous rock, formed when hot lava cools. It is dated to around 60 million years ago, a time of intense volcanic activity in many parts of the world. It is known as the early Palaeogene - but comes right after the end of Cretaceous K/T boundary event.

The Sun and Volcanoes

Currently, in 2014, there are active volcanoes in Iceland, Japan. Hawaii, Indonesia and Mexico. In addition the search for the lost Malaysian airliner has revealed new volcanoes on the floor of the Indian Ocean. Dr Robin Wylie of University College in London broaches on the subject at https://theconversation.com. His argument seems to revolve around small changes in the the speed of rotation or the pull of the Sun and the Moon which create stress in the crust of the Earth.

The magnetic and solar link between wind and ocean currents

At http://wattsupwiththat.com/2014/10/29/magnetism-and-weather-interconnect... ... is a post by another retired scientist that has upset the Green Blob on a number of occasions, Tim Ball of Canada. He says that a couple of decades ago, in his prime, he had predicted water resources would become an issue, and magnetism in science would be another focus of interest - and this has come to pass. Both are emerging after a long period of being buried beneath the hype of global warming (aka climate change).

Raised beaches and glacial erratics

Tim Cullen turns his attention to Ice Age dynamics and some of the absurdities encased in the mainstream mantra - go to http://malagabay.wordpress.com/2014/04/28/geomorphology-bending-the-truth/ ... where he claims the geology facts do not necessarily support the glacial explanation for boulder clays and drift material or the actuality of raised beaches that appear to contradict the massive rise in sea level at the end of the Ice Age.

Flint Mines

At www.pasthorizonspr.com/index.php/archives/10/2014/small-clue-to-neolithi.... ... where we learn about flint mines that dwarf those of Grimes Graves in East Anglia. The flint mines in Bavaria are 8m deep but there are 20,000 mining shafts. The Late Neolithic Cham culture (3400-2700BC) existed for a brief period of time but appear to have traded extensively by using the Danube and its tributaries.

Sand dunes on comet

 

This is an image from Comet Churyumov-Gerasimenko taken by the Rosetta spacecraft. Sent in by member Gary Gilligan it shows sand dunes on the surface of the comet - go to the link where you will see a succession of images, www.outerplaces.com/universe/technology/item/6469-stunning-results-image...

Atmospheric Gases

At http://phys.org/print333613144.html ... a paper in Nature Geoscience (Oct 2014) has suggested the origin of Earth's nitrogen rich atmosphere is due to the tectonic forces that drive mountain building, subduction, and Plate Tectonics. It also adds, presumably quoting a consensus source, the chemistry of the air we breathe has been affected by millions and millions of years of photosynthesis. The oxygen upstairs, it is thought, can be mostly explained away as due to plants and trees growing on the surface of the Earth. This sounds a bit like a chicken and egg situation.

Idaho Mammoth

At http://phys.org/print333645423.html ... part of a mammoth skull and tusks have been unearthed at a reservoir in Idaho. It is possible an entire skeleton is buried there but this has yet to be determined. A fossil hunter working in the area as a volunteer spotted it, as one does if you have an eye for these things, and informed the authorities. Students from Idaho State University dug the head but funds are required to continue next summer.