Norfolk footprints - see the video

Ther discoveries at Happisburgh have excited some of the media. Here are two links to videos -

See also

and have a look at them in more detail below

Vespasian's Camp

The earthwork known as Vespasian's Camp, named after a Roman general, is situated on a hill with wide views over the surrounding countryside. It is a fine vantage point to see across the general Stonehenge landscape and the winding river Avon. The camp is actually an Iron Age hillfort and has been in private hands since the Tudor dissolution of the monasteries and great religious land holdings. Formerly, it was associated with an abbey.

One man view on fracking

At ... this is a geologist's take on the fracking issue and the wild publicity and propaganda he says is bandied around in order to create confusion. It is US focussed but the same applies over here in the UK.

Patrick McCafferty

What has Patrick McCafferty been up to since he gave a talk at an SIS meeting a few years ago? Well, he pops up as a co-author with Dallas Abbott in an article on Comet Halley -go to

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Dinosaur droppings - and the sea that covered half of Britain and lots of Europe

In the 19th century fertiliser was at a premium. Soot, bones, ashes, dung, maltings and various other things were tried in order to increase the productivity of soils. The most effective fertiliser was guano, bird droppings from S America (but it was highly prized by other nations and cost money to transport and was very expensive). Suffice to say that guano didn't appear on many farms over here - but something else did.

Beaker chaps and all that

There is an interesting article at the Daily Mail Online. It is featured  elsewhere but there are some nice images on the newspaper web site - and the link was sent in by Clark Whelton. He asked if the changes had anything to do with Julian Jaynes theory of the bicameral mind. This appears unlikely as it is genetics being referred to - a distinct modulation of the genetic signature of Europeans.

Torrential rains, floods, droughts, fire from the sky and the wrath of God

A post at ... is derived from Online Speigel and their review of a book, 'The Book of Miracles' (available via Amazon and other book shops) which is a collection of 16th century depictions of celestial phenomena and signs in the sky, or portents of doom. They were recently discovered but were made at Augsburg in Germany around 1552.

Tides wait for no weather

How can the Arctic get flushed with warmer latitude water every 18 years or so? This appears to have happened recently - so what mechanism could be at work?

According to EM Smith it is down to lunar effects, or tides - go to ... and that 18 year cycle gets, in turn, accelerated by luni-solar factors, every once in a while, producing bigger flushing out of the Arctic. The result is a range of tides from near zero to 50 feet - which is the point people get worried by sea floods.

Donald Patten

Donald W Patten, a geographer by training, was born in 1929 in Montana, not far from Glacier National Park. He died recently and will be buried on February 20th in Seattle. He leaves behind seven children, fifteen grandchildren, and twelve great grandchildren. He was the owner of Microfilm Service Co. and the Pacific Meridian Publishing Co. He had a lifelong history in ancient history, ancient literature, climatology, genetics, geography, geomorphology, mathematics and philosophy.

Wot a lotta ...

Sand, from Namibia ... courtesy of Gary Gilligan

How would a lump of sand like that, dumped in a catastrophe, look like in a geological bed?