Flowering Plants

At https://phys.org/print464353666.html ... fossils now indicate flowering plants originated 50m million years earler that thought by consensus science - back in the Early Jurassic era. Researchers were not certain when or how flowers came into existence because it seemed many flowering plants just popped up in the Cretaceous - out of nowhere. Of course, the Jurassic Cretaceous switch must involve an event of some kind - and that is what the geology is telling us.

Electrified Sahara Dust

Interesting story sent in by Gary at www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-6509427/Giant-dust-particles-Sah... ... large dust particles with an origin in the Sahara desert have been found in the Caribbean, 3500km away (2200 miles). They reach the UK on occasion, powdering parked cars in a yellow dust. Researchers have latched on to the fact such dust, and other aerosols in the atmosphere, do not figure greatly in climate models.


Robert also sent in a link to https://phys.org/print464237850.html ... and asks, do tornadoes form in a process similar to lightning. That is, a downward propagating stepped leader and an upward moving streamer. Tornadoes might be a form of electrical discharge, he speculates. The link itself tells us that  it has generally been thought tornadoes rotation largely begins in storm clouds, creating a funnel that travels downwards. New research shows tornadoes seem to form from the ground upwards. A bit of a turnaround.

Dinosaur Footprints in Hastings

The Sussex seaside and fishing town of Hastings is in the news. The mudstone and sandstone cliffs have yielded a dinosaur bonanza - after bad weather early in 2018. These cliffs have previously yielded an Iguanadon fossil back in 1825 and dinosaur brain tissue in 2016. We now have an extensive number of dinosaur footprints - set in mud and preserved so well that skin, scales, and claws, can clearly be seen in the imprints. Go to https://phys.org/print464236129.html ...

Eye of the Storm

Link provided by Robert courtesy of our old friend from Great Yarmouth, and his blog at 'Everything is Electric' - go to https://thedailyplasma.blog/2018/12/09/eye-of-the-storm-part-1/ ... the eye of the storm being a reference to the red spot on Jupiter. Andrew Hall, the blog author, claims Earth's geology and weather is a result of capacitance in Earth's electric circuit - and has written extensively in electric universe channels. Hall goes on to say, forget everything you read about in geology. It's wrong. Provably wrong.

Great Barrier Reef

AGW activists and the media like to repeat certain overblown mantras regarding global warming. These include 'poley' bears (living close to the North Pole) starving as a result of declining ice floes - even though polar bears can swim long distances. Last year's heat wave (a magnificent summer in most parts of Britain) was a field day for the alarmists - but somewhat spoiled by the cold November and snow storms that struck large parts of the US and central Europe. Russia tends to get left out of these discussions.

Thomas Gold

Robert sent in a link to https://www.pnas.org/content/pnas/89/13/6045.full.pdf ... with the note, back in the 1990s Thomas Gold wrote about the Deep Hot Biosphere. The link provides a 5 page piece by Gold which begins - 'there are strong indications that microbial life is widespread at depth in the crust of the earth, just as such life has been identified in numerous ocean vents. This kind of life is not dependent on solar energy and photosynthesis. Its energy supply comes from chemical sources due to fluids that migrate upward from deeper levels in the Earth.

Megalodon Extinction

Megalodons might be something you know about because your children or grandchildren have been on You Tube looking for monster animals - and Megalodon were giants of the shark world. At https://phys.org/print463749152.html ... at 2.6 million years ago there was a huge spike in iron-60 radiation, we are told. A new paper in the journal Astrobiology (December 2018) by a Brazilian team of scientists is proposing an interesting idea.

Magnetic Reversals

In the early 20th century geologists became aware that certain rocks exhibited magnetism that was different in orientation from the current magnetic field of the Earth. It was mostly ignored as anything significant at the time mainly because it was not properly understood - or what it might imply. Eventually they acknowledged it was a signficant observation and that meant people tried to find out what it meant. A number of papers in the 1960s shed some light on the process by identifying polarity transitions in lava flows (igneous rocks) and sedimentary layers (sedimentary rocks).