Fungi Corona

Remarkable photograph from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, a huge cloud of mushroom spores as a result of a lawnmower blowing apart the fungi and filling the air to create the creating the corona affect - go to September 8th 2018. It is incredible that fungi spores were able to make the colourful rings around the sun but many of us have seen coronas before. They apear when sunbeams hit small particles in the air, scattering and diffracting the light into rings of colour. Droplets of moisture in clouds commonly make coronas - but pollen from flowers can do the same thing.

Ancient Mexican Monsoon

At ... analysing traces of leaf wax from local plants that accumulated in sediments in the sea by a team of researchers at the University of Arizona have reconstructed a history of monsoon activity in NW Mexico  and SW United States. The research was published in Nature Geosciences (Sept 3rd 2018) and shows that monsoon activity did indeed continue during the Late Glacial Maximum - but at a reduced level. Monssons divert moisture from the tropics and bring relief to long hot summers in the arid zones (above).

Water on Jupiter

Water water everywhere - not a drop to drink. Water on the moon, on Mars, and now on Jupiter - see ... which appears to substantiate theory and modelling. The Juno mission is turning up all sorts of odd findings from a magnetic pole located nears its equator (dubbed the great blue spot) and now signs of water on what is the biggest planet in the solar system. The chemical signature of water has been detected below the clouds swirling around the Great Red Spot, a zone of perpetual storm activity.

Horses and Dragonflies

At ... a fossil horse foal has been uncovered in Yukatia in Russia - perfectly preserved in the permafrost. It still has its skin, hair and tail/ It is estimated to have died between 30 and 40,000 years ago.


Michigan Meteor

Sent in by Jovan. At ... which concerns the meteor seen over Detroit back in January of this year. Its explosion and disintegration was captured by infrasonic microphones and seismometers. In the journal, Seismological Research Letters a team from Scripps were able to pinpoint the time, location and the height of the bolide when it disintegrated. About 2000 meteors of this size or larger pass through Earth's atmosphere each year.

Up in Galilee

Waves of migration from Anatolia and the Zagros Mountains (modern Turkey and Iran) entered the Levant during the early Chalcolithic period - as proved by skeleton DNA of burials in Upper Galilee. The Chalcolithic began between 6 and 7,000 years ago. The Chalcolithic marks a change in culture in the Levant (and in various other localities too). The press release is at

3000-2300BC Kenya

At ... more evidence that migrations of people coincide with major low growth tree ring events. The Lothagum Pillar Site is near Lake Turkana in Kenya, and was built and used between 3000 and 2300BC. This is the pyramid age. It was constructed and used by new comers who brought with them a pastoral economy (sheep, goats and cattle) into what had always been a region dominated by hunter gatherers. Lothogum pillar site was a communal cemetery. Megaliths, stone circles, and cairns flank the 30m high platform.

Discovering Sodom

The book, 'Discovering the City of Sodom' is now listed as a number 1 best seller on Amazon. The author's are Steve Collins and Latayne C Scott. It is published by Howard Books ( a subdivision of Simon and Schuster) : 2013. I purchased my copy a couple of years ago and was impressed by the claims made in it - more or less blowing away the idea Babh ed-Dhra could have been Sodom. The Kikkar region is full of ruin mounds - much like most of the Near East. It is the roundish plain where the river Jordan meets the Dead Sea (in a delta formation).

STEVE not an Aurora

At (Tuesday 21st August 2018) ... the solar wind has sparked auroral storms in the Arctic Circle. It is flowing from a wide coronal hole on the face of the Sun ...