Science News at www.sciencenews.org/view/generic/id/353095/description/Egypt_wasnt_built... ... says about that statistical analysis that just 150 artefacts were involved (new C14 dates) taken from textiles, reeds, hairs and bones, plus 100 older C14 dated artefacts (added to boost the base). This was not just a Bayesian study of C14 dates but the findings were fitted into the chronology already established, particularly the sequence of pottery styles. They were of course looking for parameters to align their C14 dates.
The device to work out periods of time - does it have a connection with cosmic cycles associated with the Taurid complex?
The latest issue of Current Archaeology, 283 (Oct, 2013) available in Smiths Newsagents nowadays so you don't have to subscribe (and see also www.archaeology.co.uk) has news on some of the topics posted on 'In the News' over the last month or so. For example, a site in North Woolwich (on the Crossrail route), beneath a thick layer of peat, came up with 150 pieces of worked flint on what had been a gravel island. Some 25 of these are dated prior to 6000BC when the southern basin of the North Sea was dry land and a good part of the Channel too.
At http://phys.org/print297333060.html ... is a piece on Brown Dwarf stars and why they might have failed to become bright Sun like objects. There are of course theoretical uncertainties in understanding brown dwarfs, we are told.
At http://phys.org/print297254823.html ... computer simulation solves another puzzle. The beginning of the last glacial period required an accumulation of snow at higher latitudes to form the ice sheet that expanded from the poles to cover a vast area of the northern hemisphere. Snow fall is associated with high humidity and moderate temperatures - it is when the rain meets cold air that it turns to snow (as we regularly can see on weather forecasts as produced for television). Snow does not form in the freezing weather, enough to feed a growing glaciation.
This story can be found at http://phys.org/print297435137.html ... and this time it is UK scientists in the chase (based at an observatory in Chile). The 'Dark Energy Survey' is just commencing so no conclusions as yet but the title is the name of the game - finding out why the universe seems to be accelerating instead of closing down due to gravity. The side dish to the plate is to probe the mystery of dark energy, the force that is widely held to be powering the acceleration, overriding gravity.
At http://phys.org/print297525077.html ... the West Antarctic ice sheet existed 20 million years earlier than previously thought runs the headline but how do scientists arrive at his kind of bald statement?
We seem to have had a spate of papers favourable to the idea of a Yonger Dryas boundary event that involved bombardment by meteors or comet fragments - see the latest offering at http://cosmictusk.com/first-harvard-now-dartmouth-evidence-identified-fo... ... where a paper published by PNAS, once again, is available to download or read online. It is 19 pages of pdf in length. PNAS is the US equivalent of the Royal Society.
Keeping climate science at bay with a very long pole Nature also has an article on sulphur in the Mantle which might be important - see http://phys.org/print297597610.html. This seems to overturn the prevailing view that most sulphur in the Mantle has an origin in chondrites. Basically, they took soil samples from the Mid Atlantic Ridge in the South Atlantic, seeking out rock that had welled up out of the Mantle, and it emerges this contained sulphur of a kind unlike what is found in chondrites (a type of meteor).
At http://phys.org/print297607227.html ... the Tamu Massif lies one thousand miles east of Japan and it is a giant volcano that has left its innards spread accross the sea floor, over an area the size of the British Isles, or New Mexico. There are even bigger volcanoes on Mars but the Tamu Massif is regarded as the largest one on Earth.
At http://tallbloke.wordpress.com/2013/09/04/doug-proctor-dowsing-and-divin... ... is a bit on the light side and not at the cutting edge of science. Dowsers are of course regularly accused of being pseudo- scientific, a bunch of frauds, and magicians akin to witchdoctors. Doug Proctor is a geologist by profession - and a dowser. He can locate water pipes and underground streams and aquifers with a rod or a piece of hazel.