Neutrinos ... and clouds ...

Meanwhile, at June 14th we have two interesting posts. The first one is on the topic of aeroplanes accidentally making holes in clouds and causing rain or snow to fall. It may happen more often than realised.

Dark matter does not exist?

At June 11th ... scientists at Durham University's Physics department used satellite data to study the remnant heat of the Big Bang - via a microwave anisotropy probe. In the journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society they claim dark energy and dark matter may not exist - the mathematics was wrong. In turn, this may threaten the consensus model of the universe, the Big Bang theory.

Ra, the red sun disc

A web site that might interest SIS members, which is run by Gary Gilligan, a contributor to the web site and a member of SIS and an attendee at our bi-annual meetings. It has several long pages of articles and views that some might find thought provoking. Basically, the idea of the divinity of the pharaoh, the representative of the God on earth, his physical and human representation as leader of people etc, is challenged.


At we have a story about an Iron Age grave in Norway that dates somewhere between 600 and 1000AD which contained a prehistoric stone axe head - made of greenstone. Such axes, the news blurb announces, symbolised thunderstones. The idea of a rock falling out of the sky as a result of lightning is common around the world it continues, and has an obvious connection with meteors - or lightning bolts.

Romanian caves June 13th ... Romanian archaeologists have found ancient cave paintings aged between 23,000 and 35,000 years ago. They are drawings of buffalo, horse, and rhinoceros, and clearly these animals must have roamed in the immediate vicinity during the Ice Age - but this is well to the south of the ice sheet.

Tutankhamun Funeral

The Times May 29th .... archaeology correspondent Norman Hammond reported on an exhibition in New York, at the Metropolitan, 'Tutankhamun's Funeral'. A decade before the actual discovery of his tomb, some jars and broken pottery, bandages and animal remains, and dried flowers were found in a pit nearby. They were the remains of Tutankhamun's funeral, too impure to be buried in the tomb but safely hidden not far away.

The Age of the Universe has changed - and the Big Bang might have been a squib

At June 11th .... we have 'You couldn't make this up dept; our universe is 150 billion years old' - it seems a group of international astronomers say the universe is much older than previously thought as modern telescopes and attachments reveal more and more 'rivers of galaxies' forming bands out there in deep space, some of which are 600 million light years apart, and stretch across a large section of what is an expanding universe that threatens to get even bigger while we are reading this and they are looking up into the sky.


At June 10th ... a connection has been made between La Nina sea surface temperatures in the central Pacific Ocean and drought in western Europe and the SW region of North America and Mexico, in a paper published by Geophysical Research Letters. El Nino's affect weather systems, it is thought - and therefore so too must La Nina's.

Comets, Sprites, Black Holes and Telescopes June 10th (see also Science Daily) ... comets may once have orbited other stars before becoming attached to our Sun according to a theory by a group of astronomers. Computer simulations were used to show the Sun capturing cosmic bodies form nearby stars - but only when it was in its 'birth star cluster' and not once the solar system was up and running.

Exhibition June 11th ... Creswell Crags Museum and Education Centre are putting on an exhibition of excavations that have taken place in the limestone gorge and it's caves from Victorian times until the present day. The caves have been used successively by different groups of people for a variety of reasons from Pleistocene hunting bands to medieval monks using it as a hideaway and drinking den.