At September 22nd ... (see also ) scientists claim to have found firm evidence that the biggest moon of Mars, Phobus, is made from rock blasted off the surface of Mars in a catastrophic event - something like worlds in collision! The evidence comes from ESAs Mars Express spacecraft and appears to discount the old theory the moons of Mars are captured asteroids.

A peculiar case of double think in archaeology

The story is at so a certain element of scepticism might be advisable. Anyway, the story proceeds with excavations at a city in Syria, Tell Hamoukar, and a destruction layer that is provisionally dated to 3500BC (but within the window of 3500-3000BC or the end of the Mid Holocene Warm Period).

Have they found something ... or not

At ... the official position is that the Large Hadron Collider has found something - but they are a bit shy on saying what it might be. However, the intepretation of what was found was vigorously challenged  during the meeting as scientists bounced suggestions off each other - so who knows?


At ... we are told the Canadian Space Agency have launched an online observatory streaming the aurora borealis live over the internet, at No need to visit Santa Klaus in Lappland - just switch on your computer. The website will also explain the science behind the phenomenon and has an image gallery with photographs and videos from earlier sightings.

Vikings and Neanderthals

At Sept 23rd ... further information on the discovery of the Viking settlement of Linn Duchaill, near Annagassan, 70km north of Dublin. The excavations at this site are expected to continue for years if funds allow.

News from Russia

At we learn that a Russian scientists has said that the first settlers on Sakhalin Island in the North Pacific have been dated between 100-200,000 years ago. From here it is just a short hop across to the Americas but in contrast he said the first human settlers of the Americas came from Siberia. It was not Columbus but unknown Siberians that first established a foothold - between 20 and 25,000 years ago.

The Raised Waters of the Exodus

At is a story that appeared on BBC News broadcasts and at and and generally in lots of places that have nothing to do with religion - but hark back to a Biblical event that science has sought to downsize in the past.

Out of Africa

At Sept 2Ist ... geneticists have estimated the the Out of Africa human migration to SE Asia and Australia took place around 60,000 years ago. However, stone tools found in Arabia and India recently point to an earlier date, possibly around 80,000 years ago.

Anasazi violence

At ... is I think a regurgitation of an old story by Discovery News which has a habit of catching up a few days late - but in this instant a few months late. It probably amounts to ongoing research and excavation at the site - new season dig results. They describe the discovery of nearly fifteen thousand skeletal remains dating back to AD800.

Antarctica - when was it glaciated?

At ... one of the forums at Thunderbolts this week is on the release of Peter Jupp's new video - the subject is Antarctica. Peter Jupp is a member of SIS and attended the EU Presentation during the summer. We hope to have several of his videos available for sale to interested parties in the near future.