The Nemesis Star March 19th ... George Howard keeps coming up with interesting stories. This is a short piece on the NASA WISE mission and the Nemesis theory of Richard Muller. NASA is not just looking for dark and dead comets, it would seem, but it's orbiting infrared telescope might find the long speculated Nemesis companion star - but with some reservations. D Kirkpatrick, part of the WISE team, does not think Nemesis will be a red dwarf star with an enormous orbit as described by Muller but a low mass object closer to home.

Water on the Moon id188149607 ... it was thought the Moon was the driest place in the solar system - but now we have reports of moon water 'pouring' in . Some 600 million metric tons of water distributed in 40 moon craters near the moon's north pole, have been discovered (possibly conjectural). NASA's mini-SAR radar imagining instrument onboard India's Chandrayaan spacecraft is responsible for the turn around in view.

Caer Sidi ... an interesting web site which initially involved a former member of SIS. Basically, Caer Sidi is first heard in the Welsh poem Hanes Taliesin (see Mike Baillie and Patrick McCafferty, The Celtic Gods) and controversy has stalked the poem as far as modern interpretation is concerned - especially in scholarly circles. Who was the author? When was it written down? and who was Taliesin?


See for a rambling story, 'Petroglyphs of Hawaii' which does not actually describe them as such but goes into a preamble about stones and birthing and quite unrelated material. It is some 16 pages in all and as usual the last few pages are the most useful. John Billingsley, author of books and editor of Northern Earth magazine paid a visit to Hawaii and this article was written as a result. It is not absolute, in other words, and somewhat speculative.

Frankenstein and the Comet of Yore March 9th ... 'Frankenstein's Comet: Sparks of Life' ... this is unfortunately a very short piece on what is a very interesting aspect of the past. Basically, the author draws a comparison with the Frankenstein story, bringing a monster to life with the aid of high voltage electricity passed through a lifeless corpse - but basically possessing the feasibility of life.

Oh to be a Sunbeam March 10th ... 'The Sunbeam of Yore' explores features associated with  the axis mundi or world axis - a column of dazzling light visible in the sky. For example, Sumerian temples, such as that of Gudea of Lagash, 'made Ningursu's house come out like the Sun from the clouds' - a sunbeam, so that it 'rises like the Sun over the Land ... and illuminates the assembly like a delightful moonlight'.

Boat Mummies

This subject comes up on a regular basis but research by Chinese archaeologists have clarified some issues - but introduced other ideas. The New York Times (see March 17th) which begins by describing the location of the dessicated corpses (rather than real mummies) in a desert to the north of Tibet, and tells us that Chinese archaeologists have excavated an extraordinary cemetery - first excavated by Scandinavians some 50 years or so ago and off-limits to westerners for most of the time since then.

Dogs ... contrary to research published last year, using genetics, domesticated dogs originated in East Asia and were used as a supplementary meat source in lean times of the year. Dogs are still eaten in China - and across Siberia and East Asia (and the practise was transferred into North America by migrants). Another genetic study at about the same time suggested village dogs in Africa may have been the origin of some, if not many, dog breeds.

Red Spot

The Daily Galaxy, March 17th ) - 'Unlocking the Secrets of Jupiter's Giant Red Spot' claims the red spot is a region of storminess, the reddest bits a warm core within an otherwise cold storm system. The findings come from an article in Icarus but see also where thermal images show the red spot in greater clarity than ever before.


An interesting web site to view is at which has four maps of the world. On them are marked confirmed impact structures, some 180 of them on the continental surfaces and just 24 known from beneath the oceans. The maps also mark out evidence of historical tsunami events.  On the same web site, the Holocene Impact Working Group, are a number of interesting pages including a Timeline of Activities.