Life influenced by cosmic rays (?)

At www.dailygalaxy.com August 12th ... palaeontologist Bruce Leiberman suggests we should think about extraterrestrial events leading to higher rates of mutations in organisms and damage to DNA. However, the rate of change is on a uniformitarian scale and relates to the rotation of the solar system within the Milky Way galaxy and periodic encounters it may have with greater rates of radiation and cosmic ray bombardment.

Giant loops of ultraviolet light in deep space

At www.jpl.nasa.gov/news August 11th ... astronomers have found giant loops of ultraviolet light in old galaxies which seem to have a second lease of life. The discovery implies that such galaxies, that appear to be dead, or are assumed to be dead by astronomers, are not so.

Mountains on Titan

At www.jpl.nasa.gov/news August 12th .... Titan, a moon of Saturn, ripples with mountains - but how did they form? On earth mountains form at plate boundaries as a result of subduction, it is thought, but it is being suggested that on Titan mountains form as a result of Titan shrinking, wrinkling the surface. Apparently, a similar kind of thing might have happened on earth where the lithosphere crumpled to create the Zagros mountain chain in the Middle East.

A Solar Tsunami (?)

At www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article_1302449/Spectacular-northern-lights-dance-over-lakes-in-wake-of-solar-tsunami/ ... it seems the journalist is describing a solar flare, and presumably his analogy with a tsunami wave comes from the rapid advance of plasma from the Sun towards the earth as a result of the flare.

Gondwanaland - massive shift at the beginning of the Cambrian!

At www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/08/100810163456.htm a study published in Geology 2010: 38 (8), and a press release from Yale University, says the Gondwanaland supercontinent underwent a 60 degree rotation across the surface of the earth during the early Cambrian period.

Skellig Michael

Some intriguing discoveries on Skellig Michael, the lump of rock in the Atlantic Ocean offshore of Kerry on which was built an early Christian monastery and hermit's lair, is reported in the Irish Times August 10th (see www.irishtimes.com ). The possibility is being raised that the island may been in use previously to the monks arrival by the discovery of three new staircases. The monks may have moved into a preexisting complex, similar to what are known as 'high forts' where they occur on the Dingle peninsular and on the Blanket islands.

Megalithic tombs - new dating throws up a paradox

http://content.usatoday.com/communities/sciencefair/post/2010/08/barrow-tombs-of-prehistoric-europe-built-in-bursts/1 ... it seems new dating evidence suggests the megalithic long barrows and passage tombs were built in a burst of activity over a few centuries around 4000BC. These predate the megalithic activity of around 3000BC, or that of around 2600BC and 2300-2000BC, and possibly around 1650BC.

Roman Wales

At www.redorbit.com August 12th ... there is a news release from Cardiff University saying that archaeologists may have to revise some of the details regarding the conquest of Britain. A complex of monumental buildings has been found outside the fortress of Caerleon in South Wales. It seems the Romans had plans to develop Caerleon into a major settlement but for some reason abandoned the plans. See also BBC News 11th August, at www.bbc.co.uk/news

The Medes

Median dynasty architectural remains have been found in Azerbaijan (see www.cais-soas.com/news/ August 11th) ... a joint US/ Azerbaijani team of archaeologists have found remains  dating to the dynasty of the Medes, the first Iranian people to rule over what is now Iran and various other regions which included a large part of northern Mesopotamia including parts of modern Azerbaijan. What is now known as Oglangala was an ancient kingdom that was desperately trying to thwart the expansion of Urartu.

'Censorinus, the Sothic Cycle, and Calendar Year One in Ancient Egypt: the epistemological problem'

This was sent in by member Eric Aitchison after he had received the link from Bergen, one of the Chronology members. Bergen posted it in response to a post by Ian Onvlee who maintained that Sothic dates are based on the risings of the star Sirius - without any doubt. He did experiment with a location of Sothis in Orion's Girdle, for an undisclosed reason, but found this could not be sustained.