Cantre'r Gwaelod

At ... is about the petrified trees of Borth, and asks if they are linked to the legendary kingdom of Cantre'r Gwaelod. I can therefore be described as a piece of speculation - but in this instance there is undoubtedly a grain of truth. The remains are said to date back 6000 years ago - yet, in the same headline they are said to be from the Bronze Age (between 4000 and 3000 years ago). Recent storms uncovered the huge forest off shore from Borth, the stumps of hundreds of trees.

Richard III update, and an early Anglo Saxon cemetery

A controversy has developed over the remains of Richard III - some people not keen on DNA testing. A rift has broken out between different groups involved in the discovery, see

The Old Cathedral of Mainz

Gunnar Heinsohn has been eager to expand on Illig's lost early AD centuries, and has expanded the theory by creating an even bigger lost age, a black hole filling most of the post Roman first millennium AD. An email thread has developed, fed by Clark Whelton - and all comers are welcome to participate (if they have anything sensible to say). Use the contact number and I will pass on your details to Clark.

The Jelling Stone

At ... refers to excavations at Ribe in Denmark and what this means for the spread of early Christianity amongst the Vikings. Evidence of Christians has been updated to the 9th century AD, roughly a hundred years prior to what had previously been thought. Isotopic analysis of the skeletons revealed that the majority of them were local Jutes or newcomers from Zealand or Skane. The Jelling Stone was set up by Harald Bluetooth in about 965.

Cheesey Tales

The Chinese aren't supposed to be cheese eaters as they are largely lactose intolerant and yet researchers have found lumps of yellow staff associated with mummies from 1600BC. After analysis the yellow lumps were identifed as cheese - see

Gerald Hawkins

Gerald Hawkins, who recently died, generally had a bad press in mainstream. They never liked the theory in his book 'Stonehenge Decoded' and neither am I saying it was or that it had anything to do with an eclipse predictor, a most unlikely effort for such a humdrum event. In 1974 Hawkins surveyed the Karnak Temple alignment, following on from Norman Lockyer in the early 20th century.

Pock marked stone in Scotland

At ... where a boulder decroated with cup and ring marks was found, decorated on both sides. It was found at Heights of Fadderty in Ross-shire and is thought to date back four to five thousand years ago, the third millennium BC.

Earth Lights


Excellent piece on Earth Light at ... which is largely about research by Dr Friedemann Freund, who wrote an article, 'Rocks that Crackle and Sparkle and Glow: strange pre-earthquake phenomena' for the Journal of Scientific Exploration.

It Ain't the Sun wot warms the earth

I know the Royal Society is one of those organisations that is all about holding up the nose and feeling important but incredibly they are party to a paper that claims the Sun does not have the primary role in climate on Earth. Are they barmy or what? Are they so cocooned in their offices with all the simulated leather seats and central heating they can't see outside the window because the venetian blinds are closed - to keep out the sunlight, bejabbers. Don't want no Sun in here chaps, fix me another gin and tonic and keep the shades down.

Marine algae, marine sponges

At ... a PNAS paper has shown aquatic algae can detect colours such as orange, green, and blue, spectrums of light. In contrast, land plants have receptors that allow them to see light on the red and far red spectrum - in order to them to renew and grow as the environment changes with the seasons. For example, it is recognised by gardeners and farmers that once midsummer has passed by and the day shortens that plants put on a spurt to achieve maturity, and eventually, seeding.