Fossil Swim Tracks

At ... we are told the end of Permian mass extinction event may even have wiped out marine worms and other burrowing creatures that make holes in the mud on the bottom of the sea. This appears to be an extinction too far - on the face of it. The researchers came to this conclusion as in the following era, the early part of the Triassic, massive reptiles had evolved, and their tracks are preserved in rocks in modern day Utah.

Big Bang Black Hole

Yes, shortly after Big Bang, a mere 900 million miles away, a huge quasar formed - with a central supermassive black hold for company - go to

climate change and out of africa

Seems like two consensus theories are now in a head lock, being used as a battering ram in support of each other. Gary Gilligan forwarded the link - ... and is the result of research being done in Oman in SE Arabia where Out of Africa folk have been desperate to find evidence of early human movement. Most of the Arabian peninsular is out of bounds to archaeologists.

Big Bang water cracker

At ... the question as to whether water is abundant in the universe has been on the mind of scientists for a long time now. Calculations using computer models have now entered the fray - and it is being suggested that it is possible there is a lot of water out there in space.

Tall el-Hammam

This is a photograph of the tell, Tall el-Hamman, which may be identified with Biblical Sodom, destroyed by a cosmic event of some kind. It is huge. Apparently, this year's dig is proceeding well but news releases will follow towards the end of the digging season. This site is a potential bomb shell. If actual evidence of destruction by bolide is found it will open up a can of worms. Catastrophism will rear its ugly head and leer over the shoulders of the uniformitarians and laugh heartily.

chalk erratics

An article in February's Down to Earth (geology magazine), issue 90, ISSN 0969-3408 ... concerns discoveries in chalk quarries over the years. Most finds are never reported. It is only the odd quarrymen who will bring attention to an oddity, and inform a geologist. In turn, most academic geologists rely on others to do the dirty work, and in spite of this there are a surprising number of erratics in museum collections (donated over the last 100 or so years).

the small comet of no consequence that transmogrified into a bright one

At ... track back to the page for February 19th. Here we find a story of a small comet, barely noticed, that went around the Sun and came out the other side shining brightly. A video of the transformation appears on the site.

At the same time we get the news that at the moment solar activity is very low and there are just a few small sun spots blemishing the surface.

dark matter and the galaxy journey

At ... the question is asked - does dark matter cause mass extinctions and geological upheavals? What might we make of that. Well, it is a direct statement that recognises catastrophism as a fact of the planetary past. In that way it is interesting as not so long ago they may have avoided catastrophism altogether and stuck fast to the uniformitarian model in that nothing has happened in the past that does not happen in the present.

SIS Spring Meeting

Bob Johnson's talk at the SIS Spring Meeting in Watford will be . The Variability of the Sun and the Effects on Earth. In other words, what effects do CMEs have on the Earth system and the inhabitants on the surface.

The year of 365AD

This is the year of a big earthquake in the central Mediterranean area, an earthquake that produced a tsunami wave that caused widespread destruction as far afield as Cyprus and Egypt. It is described graphically by the Roman historian Ammianus Marcellus - see for starters