Ancient history news

David Lappin on dating the MK

New Chronology groups threw up a new paper by David Lappin, 'Observations of the Moon, Sirius, and Solar Eclipses: dating the MK and NK in Egypt (Part One)' ... See https://wadmin.uca.edu.ar/public/ckeditor//Facult%20de%20Ciencias%20Soci... ... David Lappin is described as an astronomer and does not appear to be the historian of the same name. It involves the dating of MK pharaohs Senuseret III to 1690-1679 and Amenemhat III to 1679-1633BC.

Geoffrey of Monmouth

At www.historyextra.com/period/ancient-history/geoffrey-monmouth-historia-r... ... which is an interview with Miles Russell, the author of a revised look at Geoffrey of Monmouth's Historia (the History of the Kings of Britain) which was reviewed in SIS Review a couple of years ago. The interview is a brief account of what is in his book. At the end of the piece we are told the article was first published in the December of 2014 issue of BBC History magazine.

Ancient Plague

Jovan Kesic on 30th March 2020, posted a reply to the idea that plague was rampant in the time of Akhnaton and Tutankhamon, suggesting there might have been plague in Egypt even earlier, during the reign of Amenophis III, father of Akhnaton and otherwise considered the apogee of the Egyptian empire period. There was an unprecedented number of statues of Sekhmet erected, sometimes avenues of them, installed at palaces and temples throughout the whole land of Egypt. Sekhmet was a goddess of destruction, associated with flaming fire (according to Ramses III around 150 years later).

Exodus Routes

A fascinating discussion on the route of Exodus at the Eric Aitchison email thread. Anyone wanting to join in send an email to the contact address on this web site.

Mesha stele

At www.biblicalarchaeology.org/daily/biblical-artifacts/inscriptions/biblic... ... a new reading of the Moabite Stone by a team led by Finkelstein, Na-aman, and Romer, using high resolution photography (imaging) seems to read somewhat different to earlier attempts at translation. The problem is that the stone was broken up and the text is damaged. The previous transliteration of the text claimed it mentioned Beth Dwd (the House of David) but this is now under dispute. Mesha was a contemporary of Jehoram of Israel, against whom he claims to have rebelled.

Byzantine Setback

At https://phys.org/print472811618.html ... ancient rubbish mounds reveal a 6th century AD episode of climate change affecting a Byzantine town site in what is now Israeli territory. The rubbish, or trash mounds, were found outside the settlement of Elusa and a little digging revealed they formed by discarded material from the town, in a way suggesting an organised form of collection and deposit. They also found that the town had fallen on hard times - but what caused it. They suggest it was due to the plunge in temperatures after AD536 (sometimes known as the Late Antique Little Ice Age).

Climate Change in History

Gary sent in the link www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech.article-6555999/ ... how climate change caused the world's first empire to collapse - which is derived from the US magazine The Conversation - via the medium of https://phys.org/print465725917.html ... the link to which was sent in by William. This is a typical hotchpotch by a journalist as the historical reality is a little more complicated. The journalist has managed to combine several hundred years of history into a single event.

Up in Galilee

Waves of migration from Anatolia and the Zagros Mountains (modern Turkey and Iran) entered the Levant during the early Chalcolithic period - as proved by skeleton DNA of burials in Upper Galilee. The Chalcolithic began between 6 and 7,000 years ago. The Chalcolithic marks a change in culture in the Levant (and in various other localities too). The press release is at https://phys.org/print453982894.html.

Philistines

According to Ariel David (at Haaretz, July 23rd 2017) the Philistines of the Bible may not have an origin in the Agean - and may not be a sea people at all, but native to northern Syria - or somewhere close to that region. He quotes a professor from the Israel Museum in Jerusalm, one Shirley Ben Dor Evian, whose reasoning is quite interesting - but no doubt some historians can find some odd threads she has woven and tug at the ends of them in order to disentangle the web she has weaved.

United Monarchy

At https://phys.org/444413501.hhtml ... new evidence pointing to the existence of the kingdom of David and Solomon has been uncovered - so it is said. It is published in the journal Radiocarbon so I suppose it is relying on C14 dating methodology. An archaeological site in the Shephalah region has unearthed a four room building on the summit of the tell which is said to have been destroyed in the 8th century - which they are attributing to the Assyrian invasions of the southern Levant.