At http://scienceinpoland.pap.pl/en/news/news,410066,archaeologist-many-tho… … life flourished not just in the Gobi but in the Mongolian Gobi (and the Altai mountain region). The Gobi is the second largest desert in the world – but that was not always so. Nowadays, where only nomadic people live on the fringes of the Gobi, the region was full of humans and abundant wildlife (anaimals and vegetation). Some 40,000 years ago the Gobi was a thriving region and there is even some evidence that humans with an origin in this part of Siberia colonised the Americas and Europe. The archaeological discoveries, camps in which hunters lived and worked stone and wood, go back at least 200,000 years, deep into the Middle Palaeolithic era. Also discovered was more recent evidence of human activity – from the Late Palaeolithic, Mesolithic and Neolithic periods. This is an ongoing project so we are provided with the early results – but there will be more to come over the next few years. The human history of the Altai is about to be unveiled – and it will impact on how we view the Pleistocene and early Holocene.