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Peru, mid west mounds, and the Ashkenazi

3 December 2022
Archaeology, Genetics

At https://phys.org/news/2022-11-archeologists-ancient-peruvian-fresco-lost.html … archaeologists have discovered a pre Hispanic frescoe depicting mythological scenes in northern Peru.

At https://phys.org/news/2022-11-focus-ancient-campus-mounds-insight.html … the mounds in Louisianna include some in the state university grounds. Perfect situation for exploration. The mound site overlooks the Mississippi flood plain and they go back to between 5000 and 7000 years ago = 3000 to 5000BC. This period id defined by archaeologists as Middle Archaic. It was contemporary, for example, with the Mid Holocene warm period. There are another 13 mound sites in Louisianna some of which have been ploughed out, or built over. They also date to the same general time period. Why were people building mounds or barrows at this point in time? Not just in the Americas but in Europe and Asia as well. They are, for example, contemporary with the kurgan cultures of the Euroasian steppe zone.

Over at https://phys.org/news/2022-11-ancient-dna-medieval-germany-story.html … which is about Ashkenazi jews living in eastern and central Europe in the medieval period. Who were they and where did they come from? A paper in the journal Cell has shone a torch on the subject – see https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2022.11.002 … it seems around half of the Jews in the modern world may have roots in the Ashkenazi, as wherever they are found they possess similarities in genetics. In the past this was not so. They exhibit admixture. Medieval Ashkenazi have two genetic strains, one of which is European in origin, probably local, and the other going back to the Near East. The European element may include migrants from further east, we may note.

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