Archaeology news

Lida Ajer

At https://phys.org/print421573007.html ... human teeth from a cave on Sumatra has been analysed and it seems they date back over 60,000 years ago. This date supports recent findings that Aborigines were in Australia at least as early as 65,000 years ago. The evidence that modern humans, or people identified as modern humans by their teeth, has led to a revision of when these same people would have left Africa, their assumed place of origin. There are, however, some oddities in the report. The Lida Ajer cave is in the highland zone of Sumatra, a long way from the coast.

Forest Gardening

When climate change, as in catastrophic global warming, holds hands with archaeology, the latter always comes out the loser and the results are worse than useless. So many assumptions are built into the text at http://popular-archaeology.com/issue/summer-2017/article/humans-have-bee... ... on the subject of forest gardening by stone age humans. The lead author of the study was one Dr Patrick Roberts of the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.

Neanderthals in the Levant

At www.jpost.com/Israel-News/Israeli-led-study-busts-myths-about-the-lives-... ... Israeli archaeologists have been excavating a site that disproves the idea Neanderthals lives in caves is the headline, a piece of journalistic license it would seem. The site currently being investigated is far from being a cave - see image below, an aerial view of an excavation in open country ....

Prehistoric Remains

An archaeological excavation at a Shrewsbury church has revealed it was built on a former Neolithic and Bronze Age site - including a burial mound with slots for standing stones and two rows of Neolithic post holes around a ditch (and presumably at one time a bank). The church appears to have deliberately been sited and built on ancient remains - that may have had some kind of superstition attached to them, or even a cult of some kind. A wooden post that was found has been dated by C14 to 2033BC (in the British Early Bronze Age).

Susan Oosthuisen

At https://phys.org/print419839930.html ... archaeologist Susan Oosthuizen is well known for her research into the historicity of Britain's common land - which she claims goes back at least 1500 years. She was quoted by Steve Mitchell in one of his articles in SIS Review and has popped up in conversation with him, at one time or another. She specialises in the Anglo Saxon period and in particular, Cambridgeshire and the Fen country. The Fens were flooded in the Late Roman period - between 300 and 600AD, following the dry Roman Warm Period.

Cats Brain Barrow

At www.sciencenews.org/article/copper-otzi-iceman-axe-came-from-surprisingl... ... it seems the axe Otzi the Iceman was carrying was made of copper - and it has been traced back to a copper deposit in central Italy. This is interesting as it shows metal was in use in Europe in the 4th millennium BC (contemporary with its use in the Near East during the Chalcolithic).

Hancock on Gobekli

Gobekli Tepe in modern SE Turkey is an impressive megalithic structure - or series of structures. They date back to the early Holocene period - some distance after the so called Younger Dryas Boundary event. After it was deemed past its shelf life the stone circles were buried in soil and and debris to form a hill - a very large mound. The current view of archaeologists is that the megaliths were build by hunter gatherers.

Naxos

   You can see Naxos as a large island in the Cyclades. Presumably at some time this would have all been joined up to Greece itself but sea levels and seismic events have turned this into a lot of small islands. When this might have occurred is central to excavations now taking place at Stelida on Naxos. Tristan Carter and a team of 35 have been digging there for the last 3 years with some surprising results.

The Montem

Montem Mound is situated on the main A4 route through Slough, in a particularly busy spot overlooking a major junction. Many people stuck in their vehicles at the traffic lights must have wondered why this unremarkable heap of earth has remained undeveloped. The answer is that it is a scheduled monument - even though it has never been excavated (see https://historicengland.org.uk ). It is near the top of what was known as Salt Hill. This is where Eton College procured it's supplies of salt from traders coming down the A4 trunk road (as it was in previous centuries).

Tower of Skulls

A tower of human skulls has been found in Mexico City, going back to the Aztec era. See www.nbcnews.com/news/world/tower-human-skulls-mexico-casts-new-light-azt... ... where archaeologists have unearthed 675 skull of men, women, and children at Huey Tzompantli. The Spanish conquistadores recorded thousands of skulls they came across - so the archaeologists have some way to go before reaching the bottom of the tower. The structure lies close to the Templo Major, which was used for human sacrifices in the capital, Tenochtitlan.