A comment on page 16 at www.bishop-hill.net/blog/2013/8/20/more-kahya.html makes the point that practically all oil and gas that has ever been drilled had bituminous shales as the source rock. One of the exceptions is coalbed methane. The reason is that dark shales (which includes coal) are just about the only rocks that contain large amounts of organics. In that sense all oil is shale oil.
George Howard provides a link to an unusual web site - see http://cosmictusk.com/beautiful-blog-naturalis-historia-unpacks-the-ydb-... ... and it begins with the Chelyabinsk meteor that exploded over Russia in February this year, 14 miles above the surface. It created a shock wave that injured 1500 people and damaged thousands of buildings - but only very small pieces of the meteor were found on the ground. We are then asked to imagine hundreds of such objects impacting with the atmosphere of the Earth - a trail of closely following space rocks.
The Daily Telegraph, August 13th (2013) under Science, has Michael Hanlon telling us that a colossal solar flare hit the Earth in the Dark Ages - and catastrophe could strike any time. Another bit of doomsaying you might say but is reporting on past events such as this doom laden as doom clearly did not happen and the world suvived. Doomsaying is somewhat apocalypitic and concerns doom laden events in the future -which is the nature of the lengthy article. Past events are used to predict future events - with far worse results.
At http://tallbloke.wordpress.com/2013/08/09/newly-discovered-asteroid-2013... ... astronomers expected one space rock to come by but they got a second one, tracking the first asteroid. The first one passed by at a safe distance and was not a problem. The chaser came much closer - well inside the Moon's orbit.
Han Kloosterman, who has been researching what he calls the Ussello Horizon for too many years to count, has a problem. The Ussello Horizon is a European geological layer separating the Alleroid warm period from the cooler Younger Dyras event, and he has worked tirelessly on this, even looking for UK examples of the thin black layer of organic material (corresponding, it is thought, with the Black Mat deposits in N America).
At http://phys.org/print295014415.html ... there is a nice graph here to start the ball rolling, using five cores that show, with the aid of a blue band as highlight, the drop in temperature during the Younger Dryas (from Greenland, the tropics, and Antarctica). The graph purports to show a warming in Antarctica (Camp Century core) and this sticks out like a sore thumb, being slightly skew whiff from the other cores.
Catching up ... the end of Permian extinction is now being blamed on a comet or asteroid strike, 252 million years ago (see http://phys.org/print294567573.html). The Araguainha crater in Bazil is where it is supposed to have left its mark - seel also www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0016703712001457
At http://anthropology.net/2013/07/26/the-role-of-climate-on-african-stone-... .... the blog author refers to a paper in the May 2013 issue of Nature Communications, 'Devolopment of middle stone age innovation linked to rapid climate change' where we learn the bigger blink of the eye (the last Ice Age, all 90,000 years) was punctuated by smaller winks of the eye (ups and down in temperature during that 90,000 years).
Another new paper on the Younger Dryas boundary event - by Andrew Overholt and Adrian Melott. They are thinking in terms of increased levels of C14 and Bryllium 10 at the boundary are actually evidence of an extraterrestrial object entering the Earth's atmosphere - and breaking up. In other words, the meme has definitely shifted from a comet impact to an airburst - see http://cosmictusk.com/melot/
Harvard scientists are now involved in the Younger Dryas Boundary Event controversy. A PNAS paper has reopened the case in a dramatic fashion and George Howard adds a touch of sarcastic humour with a spoof - see http://cosmictusk.com/petaev_platinum_harvard_younger_dryas_impact_aster... and http://cosmictusk.com/paetev_harvard_platinumyounger_dryas_comet_clovis_...