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Archaeology Round-Up

7 December 2010

At www.aftau.org/site/News2?page=NewsArticle&id=13429 … Tel Aviv University archaeologists have explored Naukritis, a Greek trade emporium in Egypt during the 7th and 6th centuries BC. It existed under the protection of powerful political forces, namely the Lydian empire which had a formal alliance with the Egyptian Empire. The Lydians, at the time, controlled the Greek settlements in Ionia, and in western Anatolia. The lowest levels of the site do not appear to have been reached, as yet, so any Greek association with the Levant or Cilicia goes unmentioned.

At http://news.smh.com.au/breaking-news-world/oldest-mine-in-americas-found-in-chile/ turns out to be an iron oxide mine that was being worked as early as 12,000 years ago, found in northern Chile. It supplied pigments for colouring textiles but was mainly exploited for use in religious ritual – and remained in use between 10,000-2000BC, the greater part of the Holocene.

At www.archnews.co.uk/featured/4147-was-anne-boleyn-buried-in-the-tower-and-what-was-her-crime/ is a bit of recent history archaeology but includes the accusations engineered to justify her execution – together with her brother.

At www.archnews.co.uk/world-archaeology/american-archaeology/4117-evidence-suggests-cannibalism-among-native-american-tribes/ is in fact an old story that has been regurgitated by the publication of a paper on the Anasazi in the Journal of Anthropological Archaeology.

At http://news.discovery.com/archaeology/queen-arsinoe-egypt-pharaoh.html … is an article on a female pharaoh of the Ptolemaic dynasty, Arsinoe II. She purportedly competed and won a race in an Olympic contest and it had always been assumed she was a male. She even fought in battles. However, a study of her crown was made and it found the red crown, symbol of Lower Egypt, the horns of a ram, the god Amon, the horns of a cow with a solar disc, the goddess Hathor, and a double feather plume, another symbol of Amon, signified she was female. They rpresented her role as High Priestess, a goddess on earth, and the Ruler of Lower Egypt – her husband and younger brother Ptolemy II was king of Upper Egypt.

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