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13 July 2019

A completely preserved lily was found in calcareous sediments of a former lake in NE Brazil dating back, it is said, to 115,000 years ago (in the early Cretaceous). Go to https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2019/07/oldest-completely-pr… … It is in fact a member of the lily family (which is fairly broad, including for example the diminutive lily of the valley). It is nothing like your modern garden lily. Its roots, flower, and stem are perfectly preserved, and 40cm in length. It seems other early dicotyledonous flowering plants have alreaded emerged from the same sediments.

Meanwhile, at https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2019/07/bird-with-unusually-… … a  bird with unusual toes. Researchers have found a bird foot from 99 million years ago preserved in amber with a hyper elongated third toe. It may have been used to hook insects and larvae out of tree trunks and branches. However, it is a member of a known bird type abundant in the Mesozoic, the enantiornithes, which became extinct during the K/T boundary event. It was smaller than a sparrow but contemporary with the dinosaurs and spent most of its life in the tree canopy. The amber comes from Myanmar in Burma.

Over at https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2019/07/bird-like-dinosaur-i… … paleontologists excavating a dinosaur in Wyoming came across another smaller one, a bird like specimen the size of a chicken. It is described as a proto bird (not quite a bird), a bird like dinosaur that lived on the ground.

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