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Reindeer and Food Production

14 June 2020

At https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2020/06/reindeer-were-domest… … reindeer were domesticated much earlier than thought. Incredibly, it was believed it occurred only a few hundred years ago. They now have evidence that in Siberia, at least, it goes back a couple of thousand years. It may of course go back much further in time as hunter gatherers were managing herds of red deer in the Mesolithic period so why not reindeer where they were the primary species. It seems to be a case of 'if I didn't see it and then it didn't happen …'.

At https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2020/06/oldest-bow-and-arrow… … here we have something similar – evidence of earliest bow and arrow technology found in Sri Lanka, from 45,000 years ago …   … the artifacts came from the Fa Hien Lena cave deep in the heart of tropical forest. It is thought tropical forest existed there 45,000 years ago but is that right. The cave is being extensively excavated and is an ongoing work in progress.

At https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2020/06/mixture-and-migratio… …. mixture and migration brought food production to sub-Sahara Africa. Previously, it is thought only hunter gatherers, such as the San and the pygmies were living in tropical and southern Africa. However, Africa has been notoriously difficult for research into human history during the Holocene. It is to do with the soils and former lush environments. Now, a collaborative study by Africans, Europeans and universities in North America, has been looking at the first farming communities in Africa. The research was led by archaeogeneticist Ke Wang and archaeologist Steven Goldstein. The idea was to investigate the introduction of food production as this led to displacement of earlier peoples such as the San and related groups. It seems that herders from East Africa spread the lifestyle to southern Africa, even as far as Botswana. This occurred prior to Iroan Age Bantu farmers arriving in both central, eastern and southern Africa.

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